What is Croup?
Croup is one of the most common childhood respiratory illnesses with an annual incidence in the under 6s of between 1.5% and 6%.
The peak incidence is between 1 and 2 years. It typically presents with hoarseness, inspiratory stridor and a harsh barking cough.
It lasts approx 4 to 5 days. It is most often caused by a viral illness and affected children may have accompanying symptoms of runny nose or sore throat.
The guidance is only applicable once a diagnosis of croup has been established and other differential diagnoses have been excluded.
Do not attempt to visualise the throat, as this may precipitate laryngospasm